Ph.D. 1991-1996: Department of Government, University of Texas at Austin
Ph D. Major: Comparative Politics, Minors: American Politics and Political Theory.
Thesis Topic: " The Politics of Cultural Identity in Turkey: Nationalist Perspectives in the Writings of Kemal Tahir, Cemil Meriç and Attila Ilhan".
M.A. 1986-1990: Master Program in Political Science, Department of Public Administration, Bogaziçi University, Istanbul
Thesis Topic: "Islamic Ideology in Iran; the Duality of a Discourse".